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Keeping goats healthy requires daily care. Whether you keep the cattle for fur or whether it is a hobby goat.
Choosing the right goat feed already has a positive effect, but a good goat hutch, outdoor enclosure and physical care are also indispensable.
Goats need roughage with a coarse fiber; grass or hay. You supplement this with supplements and concentrates to keep your animals in good condition. In addition to their daily meal, goats like to forage grass, twigs and leaves together. They see this as a tasty snack, but it should not be seen as a substitute for goat feed. Provide unlimited fresh drinking water both indoors and outdoors.
Goats are ruminants with a complex digestive system. Microorganisms form a sensitive balance in the different stomachs. When this is disturbed, stomach and intestinal problems quickly develop. Fortunately, you can support the digestive system and the resistance of a goat with supplements.
With the goat hutch you take into account the natural preferences of your animals. Make sure their indoor area is dry and draft-free. High humidity can cause lung problems in your animals, especially when they are still young. For an adult goat a temperature between 10 ° C and 18 ° C is ideal, for lambs it is around 15 ° C. It is also important that the animal has sufficient space in the goat hutch; at least five square meters per goat.
As social herd animals, goats need contact with congeners. They can be very playful and curious when in a group. That gives the farm animals a safe feeling. If a goat becomes lonely, fear and stress pose a threat to its health.
In spring and summer - provided it is not too hot - goats love to go outside. A meadow or outdoor area directly linked to the goat hutch is the easiest. Provide several hiding and shadow places outside and give your animals plenty of room to move. Also keep in mind that these farm animals have a need for climbing. Several climbing bridges and hills are therefore a must.
Breaking out appears to be a natural talent of the goat. Whoever houses this animal must therefore provide a solid fence and a solid cage. Choose fine mesh when working with mesh. In mesh that is too large, your goats can get stuck with their legs or horns.
Most goats love to be brushed. This is good for the coat and it provides a moment of control for the skin. Bald patches and skin flakes usually indicate a health problem. In that case, ask a vet for advice. Do you encounter any wounds during the check-up? Then disinfect them well and cover them with an aluminum spray. This prevents bacteria from entering the bloodstream through a wound.
The length of the claws should be carefully monitored in goats. Certainly because many of them live on a soft surface and therefore do not wear their claws themselves. When these are too long, walking becomes difficult and infections can even develop. You can prevent this by regularly trimming the hooves.
Worms settle in the gastrointestinal tract or in the lungs of goats. They cause health problems and are also quite contagious, both for animals and humans. With an adult goat you can opt for preventive deworming or targeted deworming after a manure test. How often you have to deworm goats and with what dosage depends on, among other things: